Ongoing Project

Description of Project
Objectives of the project
NACOM Deliverables
Where we are now

Participatory Biodiversity and Ecosystem Monitoring, Impact Assessment and Development of Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change for Some of the Important Coastal Ecosystems of Bangladesh

COUNTRY: Bangladesh
LOCATION WITHIN COUNTRY: Southern –East Coastal Region (Cox’s Bazar – Teknaf Peninsula ECA, Sonadia Island ECA and Chokoria
START DATE : January 2013
COMPLETION DATE : December 2014


The coastal people are mostly poor and their livelihood is primarily dependent on the exploitation of natural renewable resources and further they are the most vulnerable people to climate change impacts as they are impacted by cyclones, storm surges, sea level rise, salinity intrusion, coastal erosion, etc. almost on a regular basis. Climate change has known negative impacts on agriculture and fisheries and assets. The agricultural field of the coastal people are devastated by cyclones and storm surges, their houses are damaged by cyclones frequently, fishing boats are capsized, their assets are lost and damaged, sometimes life casualties occur due to boat capsizes. Sometimes, fishers can go for fishing due to frequent cyclone warnings and thus their livelihoods are jeopardized. Since coastal communities are poor, they have poor resilience to these recurrent disasters.

The proposed project is designed to generate information on the changes in ecosystem and its biodiversity caused due to climate change. These early clues about climate change induced impacts will allow for taking precautionary measures as well as developing adaptation strategies, which in turn will help to maintain ecological integrity and functions resulting in sustenance of the local biodiversity/ resources. The sustenance of the local natural resources, on which the poor people depend, will help the sustenance of the livelihood of the local people. Therefore, the resilience of local people to climate change will increase.

The research also aims at identifying the local level climate change impacts and developing corresponding adaptation strategies for local communities to climate change. Such adaptation strategies, among others, may include adaptation to coastal agriculture, fisheries, protection against boat damage and capsize, protection against house damage and loss of assets, protection against loss of life. A guideline will be developed on the adaptation strategies for the local communities, which they could follow for adapting to altered situation of climate change. It is also hoped that certain adaptation interventions will be undertaken by the relevant agencies and donors and thus will reduce vulnerabilities of local people to climate change.

The proposed project areas ( St. Martin’s Island, Teknaf Peninsula and Sonadia Island, ChokoriaSundarbans) represent some of the country’s very important and unique ecosystems as these contain many threatened and ally significant species. These ecosystems are already ecologically fragile. Moreover, these areas, being located at the sea front, are thus highly exposed to climatic events and therefore, thought to be very sensitive to climate change.


The overall objective of the proposed project is to track the changes in ecosystem/ biodiversity caused due to climate changes on some of the most important coastal ecosystems through long-term monitoring, and identify the potential impacts and adaptation strategies, which would be useful for planning interventions to minimize adverse impacts of the climate change.
Development of a participatory ecosystem/biodiversity monitoring system with a provision for data acquisition and management.
Collection of baseline monitoring data employing the developed monitoring system on some selected important coastal ecosystems.
Assessment of potential impacts of climate change on local ecosystem/ biodiversity and local people.
Identification and recommendation of adaptation strategies to climate change.
Development and fictionalization of database and web portal


Selection of indicators for monitoring
Development of data collection methodology
Baseline data collection on indicators and data analysis
Engagement of school students and community in data collection
Development of web portal for data storage and data inspection
Collection of local level perception climate change and its impacts
Documentation of local coping strategies to climate change
Development of adaptation strategies
Development of a guideline on adaptation to climate change
Development and fictionalization of database and web portal


A manual embodying the methodology for biodiversity monitoring for tracking impacts of climate change.
A database with monitoring data collected through the research project
A guideline on local level adaptation to climate change.
Quarterly Progress Reports and Final Report on the findings of the project.