Completed Project

Description of Project
Objectives of the project
Key Achievements
NACOM Deliverables

Conservation and Monitoring of Migratory Shore Birds in Coastal Areas of Bangladesh with Emphasis on Spoon-billed Sand Piper-Phase I and II.

Location within country : Southern Coastal Region (HatiaUpazila of Noakhali district)
Partner Organization : Keidanren Nature Conservation Fund(KNCF), Japan
Start Date : May 2006Completion Date:April 2008

Description of Project:

The main objective of the project was to conserve the Spoon-billed sand piper and other migratory shore birds in the central coast of Bangladesh.The project site is the part of two important flyways of migratory birds. In fact, Central Coast of Bangladesh is the cross-road of East Asia -Australasian and Central Asian - Indian Flyways. Central Coast of Bangladesh particularly the NijhumDweep is possibly the best place for the wintering of shore birds in Bangladesh. This site supports more than 200, 000 migratory birds either as their wintering ground or as staging ground during winter quarter. This is mainly because of its pristine habitat and a huge foraging and roosting ground. A total of about 98 species of shorebirds has so far been recorded. Important sites at the central coasts are NijhumDweep, Char Bahauddin, Dhal Char, Char Jonak, Char Nogila, Patar Char and Kalkeniy Char. Highest number of birds arrived in the central coasts are belongs to waders (50000) gulls, terns and egrets (80,000) , ducks and geese (50000) .

Some of the rare species of birds those who visit the regularly are: Bar-headed Geese, Grey Lag Geese, Eurasian Spoonbill, Black-headed Ibis, Goliath Heron, Asian Dowitcher, Spotted Green Shank, Spotted Red Shank, Spoon-billed Sand Piper and Indian Skimmer. These birds start visiting the site from October and return in the month of April. The early migrants are Common Sandpiper, Wagtail, lesser Sandplover, Brown-headed gull.

Objectives of the project:

Assess and monitor migratory shore birds, including spoon-billed sand piper.
Identify staging grounds of the shore birds within the project site.
Undertake policy advocacy and awareness raising activities for the conservation of migratory shore birds.
Prepare a documentary film on migratory shore birds.

Key Achievements:

The area is characterized by the occurrence of a large number of islands, including both and small. The major islands are Hatiaya, Monpura, shahabajpur, Sandwip. These islands have wide mudflats and some of them harbour mangrove vegetations. The mudflats are alternately become submerged and exposed. This area is quite vast and supports a healthy environment that provides habitats of diversified flora and fauna.
Conservation Importance of Spoon-billed Sand Piper: Spoon-billed sandpiper is critically endangered and few thousand birds left to survive. Continuous habitat degradation in the developing countries, like Bangladesh is posing a further threat to their survival. Althougth, this bird is protected in some countries, in most countries they are vulnerable to human activities. Therefore, in order to save them from extinction there is an urgent need to protect this species, at least locally and also ally.
Considering the situation, shorebirds particularly the Spoonbill sandpiper need to be monitored and create the environment for conservation and management of this ally critically endangered species. On the basis of the monitoring, some areas are identified and maintained as ecologically areas for shore bird conservation area.

NACOM Deliverables :

Organize workshops and conduct awareness programs.
Monitor migratory shore birds and identification of staging grounds of migratory shore birds.
Prepared a documentary video film on migratory shore birds.

Map of the Project site

Fig: Coastal Areas of Bangladesh – Project Site (within the circle)