Completed Project

Description of Project
Objectives of the project
Key Achievements
NACOM Deliverables

Climate Change Adaptation Among Fisher Communities in Noakhali District

Assignment Location within country: Southern Coastal Region (Subarnachar and HatiaUpazila of Noakhali district)
Partner Organization: DANIDA
Start Date: January 2010Completion Date:December 2011
Name of Joint Venture Consultants: SagorikaSamajUnnayanSangstha (SSUS)

Description of Project:

The project sites, being located at the sea front, are exposed to cyclones and storm surges and is highly exposed to climatic disasters. It is precisely in these areas where the effects of climate change will be most pronounced and the area is already experiencing multiple manifestations of climate change induced disaster events as reflected in increased cyclones and storm surges, salinity intrusion and sea level rise. The coastal fishermen have been identified as the most vulnerable group to climate induced disaster. Loss of life and assets due to boat capsize while fishing,loss of working days due to foul weather affect their livelihoods. Their homesteadand assets are often washed away by storm surge as these areas are unprotected by polders. All these events cause detrimental impacts on their life and livelihood. The fisher communities of the project area are thus extremely vulnerable to the changes and variability in the climate.

The fishermen communities of the project area live below the poverty level and given their existing impoverished socio-economic conditions and lack of capacity to cope with recurrent disasters they have poor resilience against these recurrent disasters. Therefore, they find extreme difficulty to serve even after a medium level disaster events. Therefore, there is an utmost need for adaptation to the rapidly changing and worsening environmental situations, particularly to build their resilience against this backdrop through increasing their income.

For securing the life and livelihood of the coastal fishers the followings adaptation strategies are needed as well as a strong need to increase fishers’ household income

The fisher communities can not cope with the recurrent climatic disasters because of their poverty. Again the income from fishing is too poor to support their livelihoods. Because of their poverty, they often go for fishing in foul weather conditions risking their lives. Therefore, there is no other option, but to increase their household income through alternate income generation.

Therefore, building the resilience of the coastal fishing communities against the climate change impacts through saving their life and assets and improving their livelihood is a priority task for the nation.

Objectives of the project: The overall objective of the proposed project is to secure the life and livelihood of the coastal regions of Noakhali District fisher communities through promotion of adaptation to climate change and improving their resilience against climatic disaster events.

Objectives of the project:

To identify and field test selected agriculture production technology based Alternative Income Generating Activities (AIGs) for livelihood enhancement in the pilot fisher communities for facilitating adaptation to climate change
To develop climate change adaptation strategies for coastal fisher communities that can be scaled up in similar environment
To sensitize and influence Local Government agencies(Union Parishad) to make them responsive to the cause of climate change induced impacts and include climate change issues in local development planning
To document and disseminate success stories and other project findings for wider circulation among relevant stakeholders
To empower womenfolk of fishing community
Coastal and charland areas of Noakhali, Luxmipur and Feni Districts (Map 1). .

NACOM Deliverables:

Collected Baseline data on socio-economic and climatic conditions of the fishermen and conducted FGD.
Developed a guideline on local level climate change adaptation strategies among fisher communities.
Conducted community awareness meetings with fisher communities to provide backstopping support for increasing their capacity in disaster management, adaptation techniques and undertaking AIG activities
Conducted skill development training for fisher communities on alternate income generation activities and provided inputs for livelihood development.
Conducted meetings with Union Parishad with a view to sensitize them to be responsive to the cause of climate change.
Conducted community level, UP and Upazila level workshop for the capacity building on disaster management and climate change adaptation.